Causes of colds
The main cause of ODS is viral infection. Dozens and even hundreds of different viruses can cause the disease: rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, rheoviruses, etc. Catching on the mucous membrane of the nose and throat, they begin to reproduce actively.
Less often, the culprit is a bacterial infection, mainly streptococcal. But in most cases, it appears at a time when the body is already weakened by the virus activity. In this case, there are complications – tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia.
Contact with an infected person is one of the most frequent ways of infection transmission. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to protect a person from it: you can get infected from a colleague at work, in public transport, in a store.
A person can “self-infect” if there is already a source of infection in the body, but the immune system restrains him and prevents the disease from developing. If the immune system weakens, the infection gets out of control, leading to the onset of the disease.
One of the main causes of colds is a decrease in the activity of the immune system, which is observed under the following circumstances:
- overcooling of the body – full or local (if you drink ice water in the heat, wet your feet in cold);
- chronic stress;
- the presence of chronic infectious diseases;
- poor nutrition, lack of vitamins and trace elements;
- abuse of medicines, their uncontrolled taking;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- constant presence in a room with a large number of people.
In this case, the immune system is forced to come into daily contact with a large number of different viruses and bacteria, and sooner or later its resource is exhausted.
One of the factors of ODS development is dry and warm air: the mucous nasopharynx dries up, and it becomes easier for pathogens to fix themselves on it. Therefore, as a preventive measure, it is recommended to ventilate the room more often, especially if there are always a large number of people.
Bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse) also weaken the body and increase susceptibility to viruses. People living in environmentally disadvantaged neighborhoods are more often affected by colds: a large number of chemicals in the air irritate the respiratory mucosa, which also makes people susceptible to infections.
A large number of chemicals in the air irritates the respiratory system, which also makes people susceptible to infections.
It is very unpleasant to catch a cold: many people become almost helpless, quickly tired, and the manifestations of the disease interfere with everyday life.
How to cure a cold quickly? This question is of interest to every patient since the first symptoms appear. The first thing to do is to give the body rest: only in this case, it will be able to mobilize all forces to fight the infection. This is why all doctors recommend bed or half-bed mode. Rest will help to more easily tolerate the symptoms and reduce the possibility of complications.
There is no universal cure for colds: the treatment scheme depends on the type of agent, the list of symptoms, the specifics of the disease, the state of the immune system. Warm drinking and bed rest may be enough for one patient, and another patient will have to be hospitalized. That’s why it is important not to self-medicate, not to take all advertised drugs at random, and to consult a doctor. Specialist will objectively assess your condition and recommend the most effective tactics to treat colds.
Also, the doctor will be able to recognize the first signs of complications in time and prescribe the necessary drugs in time to avoid serious consequences for the body.
You can easily get rid of flu and colds, if you follow all the recommendations of the doctor. But it is important to remember that you will not be able to defeat the disease in one day: on average, the cold lasts a week – this is how much the body needs to cope with the causative agent and recover a little. Even if the symptoms of the disease have decreased or completely disappeared after the first 2-3 days, this is no reason to relax. Termination of treatment can lead to complications or reactivation of the infection.